reverse

reverse allows for dynamic responses to PTR and the related A/AAAA requests.

Description

If a request matches a regular expression (see Template Syntax below) this plugin will generate a response. This is only done for “address” records (PTR, A and AAAA).

Syntax

reverse NETWORK... {
    hostname TEMPLATE
    [ttl TTL]
    [fallthrough [ZONES...]]
    [wildcard]
  • NETWORK one or more CIDR formatted networks to respond on.
  • hostname injects the IP and zone to a template for the hostname. Defaults to “ip-{IP}.{zone[1]}“. See below for template.
  • ttl defaults to 60
  • fallthrough if zone matches and no record can be generated, pass request to the next plugin. If [ZONES…] is omitted, then fallthrough happens for all zones for which the plugin is authoritative. If specific zones are listed (for example in-addr.arpa and ip6.arpa), then only queries for those zones will be subject to fallthrough.
  • wildcard allows matches to catch all subdomains as well.

Template Syntax

The template for the hostname is used for generating the PTR for a reverse lookup and matching the forward lookup back to an IP.

{ip}

The {ip} symbol is required to make reverse work. For IPv4 lookups the IP is directly extracted With IPv6 lookups the “:” is removed, and any zero ranged are expanded, e.g., “ffff::ffff” results in “ffff000000000000000000000000ffff”

{zone[i]}

The {zone[i]} symbol is optional and can be replaced by a fixed (zone) string. The zone will be matched by the zones listed in this configuration stanza. i needs to be replaced with the index of the configured listener zones, starting with 1.

Examples

arpa compute.internal {
    # proxy unmatched requests
    proxy . 8.8.8.8

    # answer requests for IPs in this network
    # PTR 1.0.32.10.in-addr.arpa. 3600 ip-10.0.32.1.compute.internal.
    # A ip-10.0.32.1.compute.internal. 3600 10.0.32.1
    # v6 is also possible
    # PTR 1.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.1.0.d.f.ip6.arpa. 3600 ip-fd010000000000000000000000000001.compute.internal.
    # AAAA ip-fd010000000000000000000000000001.compute.internal. 3600 fd01::1
    reverse 10.32.0.0/16 fd01::/16 {
        # template of the ip injection to hostname, zone resolved to compute.internal.
        hostname ip-{ip}.{zone[2]}

        ttl 3600

        # Forward unanswered or unmatched requests to proxy
        # without this flag, requesting A/AAAA records on compute.internal. will end here.
        fallthrough
    }
}
32.10.in-addr.arpa.arpa arpa.company.org {

    reverse 10.32.0.0/16 {
        # template of the ip injection to hostname, zone resolved to arpa.company.org.
        hostname "ip-{ip}.v4.{zone[2]}"

        ttl 3600

        # fallthrough is not required, v4.arpa.company.org. will be only answered here
    }

    # cidr closer to the ip wins, so we can overwrite the "default"
    reverse 10.32.2.0/24 {
        # its also possible to set fix domain suffix
        hostname ip-{ip}.fix.arpa.company.org.

        ttl 3600
    }
}