auto enables serving zone data from an RFC 1035-style master file, which is automatically picked up from disk.


The auto plugin is used for an “old-style” DNS server. It serves from a preloaded file that exists on disk. If the zone file contains signatures (i.e. is signed, i.e. using DNSSEC) correct DNSSEC answers are returned. Only NSEC is supported! If you use this setup you are responsible for re-signing the zonefile. New or changed zones are automatically picked up from disk.


auto [ZONES...] {
    reload DURATION

ZONES zones it should be authoritative for. If empty, the zones from the configuration block are used.

  • directory loads zones from the specified DIR. If a file name matches REGEXP it will be used to extract the origin. ORIGIN_TEMPLATE will be used as a template for the origin. Strings like {<number>} are replaced with the respective matches in the file name, e.g. {1} is the first match, {2} is the second. The default is: db\.(.*) {1} i.e. from a file with the name, the extracted origin will be TIMEOUT is deprecated and will be removed in a subsequent version. reload will be used, if not defined (it specifies how often CoreDNS should scan the directory to watch for file removal and addition; the default is every 60 seconds. This value is in seconds. The minimum value is 1 second.)
  • reload interval to perform reloads of zones if SOA version changes and zonefiles. Default is one minute. Value of 0 means to not scan for changes and reload. eg. 30s checks zonefile every 30 seconds and reloads zone when serial changes.
  • no_reload deprecated. Sets reload to 0.
  • upstream defines upstream resolvers to be used resolve external names found (think CNAMEs) pointing to external names. CoreDNS will resolve CNAMEs against itself.

All directives from the file plugin are supported. Note that auto will load all zones found, even though the directive might only receive queries for a specific zone. I.e:

. {
    auto {
        directory /etc/coredns/zones

Will happily pick up a zone for example.COM, except it will never be queried, because the auto directive only is authoritative for example.ORG.


Load org domains from /etc/coredns/zones/org and allow transfers to the internet, but send notifies to

. {
    auto org {
        directory /etc/coredns/zones/org
        transfer to *
        transfer to

Load org domains from /etc/coredns/zones/org and looks for file names as, where is the origin. Scan every 45 seconds.

org {
    auto {
        directory /etc/coredns/zones/org www\.db\.(.*) {1} 45